(Cipro) Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections. Ciprofloxacin stops the proliferation of bacteria by inhibiting reproduction and changes their genetics. The FDA approved ciprofloxacin in October 1987.
Ciprofloxacin belongs to the fluoroquinolone class, which includes Levofloxacin (Levaquin), Ofloxacin (Floxin), Gatifloxacin (Tequin), Norfloxacin (Noroxin), Moxifloxacin (Avelox), Trovafloxacin (Trovan) and others.
What are the side effects of Ciprofloxacin?
While taking Ciprofloxacin tablets. The development of negative pathological reactions from various organs and systems is possible:
- The digestive system – nausea, accompanied by periodic vomiting, diarrhea, pain in the abdomen, the development of pseudomembranous colitis.
- Nervous system – headache, intermittent dizziness of varying severity, fatigue, various sleep disorders, nightmares, fainting, visual disturbances, auditory or visual hallucinations.
- Cardiovascular system – an increase in heart rate with a rhythm disturbance (arrhythmia), a decrease in the level of systemic arterial pressure (hypotension).
- Urinary system – the violation of urine excretion (dysuria, urinary retention). The appearance of crystals (crystalluria), blood (hematuria) and protein (albuminuria) in the urine, inflammation in the kidneys (glomerulonephritis, interstitial nephritis).
- Blood and red bone marrow – a decrease in the number of leukocytes (leukopenia), platelets (thrombocytopenia), neutrophils (neutropenia) in the blood. An increase in the number of eosinophils (eosinophilia).
- Musculoskeletal system – joint pain (arthralgia), loss of strength of the ligaments and tendons of the musculoskeletal system. Accompanied by inflammation and pathological ruptures.
- Laboratory indicators – an increase in the concentration of creatinine, urea in the blood, an increase in the activity of liver transaminase enzymes (ALT, AST).
- The skin and its appendages – the development of photosensitivity (increased sensitivity of the skin to light).
- Allergic reactions – a rash on the skin, itching, characteristic changes resembling a nettle burn (nettle rash), marked swelling of soft tissues of the face. And external genital organs (angioedema of the Quincke), necrotic skin lesions (Stevens-Johnson syndrome, Lyell syndrome).
If there are signs of the development of negative pathological reactions in patients receiving Ciprofloxacin tablets, contact a medical specialist.
Side effects of Overdose
In case of a significant excess of the recommended therapeutic dosage of Ciprofloxacin tablets, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, an impaired consciousness of varying severity, muscle cramps, hallucinations develop. In this case, the stomach and intestines are washed, intestinal sorbents are prescribed, and if necessary, symptomatic therapy is carried out, since there is no specific antidote for this drug.
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