According to a large-scale Taiwan study published in the scientific journal of the Canadian Medical Association Journal, patients with sepsis are at an increased risk of developing a stroke or myocardial infarction in the first 4 weeks after discharge from the hospital. According to statistics, sepsis takes about 8 million lives worldwide, and in Canada, more than half of all deaths come from infectious diseases.
Materials and methods of examination
Researchers analyzed data from more than 1 million people in Taiwan, of which 42 316 patients had sepsis. At least one organ dysfunction was observed in all patients with sepsis, 35% were in the intensive care unit, and 22% died within 30 days after admission to the admission department. Of the total group of patients with sepsis 1012 suffered from cardiovascular diseases, 831 had a stroke, and 184 had a myocardial infarction within 180 days after discharge from the hospital. The risk was highest for the first 7 days after discharge, with more than one quarter (26%) of myocardial infarction or stroke occurring in the immediate period, and 51% within 35 days.
Results of scientific work
“We found that in the first 4 weeks after discharge from the hospital, there was a critical period with a significantly increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke,” writes Chien-Chang Lee, an emergency medicine officer at the National Taiwan University Hospital (National Taiwan University Hospital), Taipei, Taiwan.
Scientists also found that patients with sepsis aged 20 to 45 years were at higher risk of heart attack or stroke compared with patients older than 75 years. This scientific work extends the results of the Danish study, which reports on similar trends.
“Based on our research and study in Denmark, which reported similar results from two different ethnic groups, it is likely that these results can be generalized to different population groups,” the authors write.
They require further verification of the results in different populations.
The authors of another study argue that the risk of cardiovascular disease can grow after pneumonia and sepsis.